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Introducing IIZAARLAND
Posted: May 2 2007, 05:00 PM
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Background:
During the late 18th and 19th centuries, Great Britain established colonies and protectorates in the area of current Iizaarland; these were occupied by Japan from 1942 to 1945. In 1948, the British-ruled territories on the Iizaarland formed the Federation of Iizaarland, which became independent in 1957. Iizaarland was formed in .The first several years of the country's history were marred by Indonesian efforts to control Iizaarland. During the 22-year term of Prime Minister ALWEE bin Mohamad (1981-2003), Iizaarland was successful in diversifying its economy from dependence on exports of raw materials, to expansion in manufacturing, services, and tourism.

Geography:
Area:
total: 329,750 sq km
land: 328,550 sq km
water: 1,200 sq km

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than New Mexico

Land boundaries:
total: 2,669 km
border countries: to be updated

Coastline:
4,675 km (Southern shore 2,068 km, Northern shore 2,607 km)

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; specified boundary in the Taaru Sea

Climate:
tropical; annual southwest (April to October) and northeast (October to February) monsoons

Terrain:
coastal plains rising to hills and mountains

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Taaru Sea 0 m
highest point: Gunung Kinabalu 4,100 m

Natural resources:
tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite

Land use:
arable land: 5.46%
permanent crops: 17.54%
other: 77% (2005)

Irrigated land:
3,650 sq km (2003)

Natural hazards:
flooding, landslides, forest fires

Environment - current issues:
air pollution from industrial and vehicular emissions; water pollution from raw sewage; deforestation; smoke/haze from Indonesian forest fires

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

Geography - note:
strategic location along Taaru Sea and Secocia Sea
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Posted: May 2 2007, 05:06 PM
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People:

Population:
24,385,858 (July 2006 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 32.6% (male 4,093,859/female 3,862,730)
15-64 years: 62.6% (male 7,660,680/female 7,613,537)
65 years and over: 4.7% (male 509,260/female 645,792) (2006 est.)

Median age:
total: 24.1 years
male: 23.6 years
female: 24.8 years (2006 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.78% (2006 est.)

Birth rate:
22.86 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Death rate:
5.05 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: does not reflect net flow of an unknown number of illegal immigrants from other countries in the region (2006 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 17.16 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 19.87 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.25 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 72.5 years
male: 69.8 years
female: 75.38 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate:
3.04 children born/woman (2006 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.4% (2003 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
52,000 (2003 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
2,000 (2003 est.)

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria are high risks in some locations (2007)

Nationality:
noun: Iizaarian(s)
adjective: Iizaarian

Ethnic groups:
Iizaar 40.4%, Caucasian 23.7%, Asian (mostly Chinese and Filipino) 12%, Black 9%, Hispanic 7.1%, others 7.8% (2004 est.)

Religions:
Muslim, Roman Catholic, Protestant, Buddhist, Hindu, Sikh;
note: In addition, Shamanism is practiced too

Languages:
Iizaarian (official), English (official), Bahasa Melayu, English, Spanish, French, Italian, Russian, Arabic, Mandarin
note: There are several indigenous languages; most widely spoken are Ibaan and Kadoozan

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 88.7%
male: 92%
female: 85.4% (2002)
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Posted: May 2 2007, 05:15 PM
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Government

Country name:
conventional long form: The Constitutional Monarchy of Iizaarland
conventional short form: Iizaarland
local long form: Kerajaan Termasyhur Bumi Iizaar
local short form: Bumi Iizaar
former: Federation of Iizaarland
official abbrevation: IIZ
olympic abbrevation: IIZ

Government type:
constitutional monarchy
note: nominally headed by paramount ruler and a bicameral Parliament consisting of a nonelected upper house and an elected lower house; all Iizaarian states have hereditary rulers except Molekelok and Samudera; those two states have governors appointed by government; powers of state governments are limited by federal constitution; Chantique holds 25 seats in House of Representatives; Amandamai holds 28 seats in House of Representatives

Capital:
name: Xaanvitzsberg
geographic coordinates: 3 10 N, 101 42 E
time difference: UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions:
3 regions (bahagian-bahagian, singular bahagian) Gangganegara, Langkasuka, and Nusantara with 11 states (negeri-negeri, singular - negeri)

Region Gangganegara: Chantique, Kejelitaan, and Samudera.

Region Langkasuka: Bayubiru, Inderaloka, Kayanganpuri, and Terpondan

Region Nusantara: Amandamai, Molekelok, Perkasawaja, and Saujanamata

1 federal territory which is Xaanvitsberg, situated in the region of Gangganegara

Independence:
31 August 1957 (from UK)

National holiday:
Independence Day/Iizaarland Day, 31 August (1957)

Constitution:
31 August 1957; amended 16 September 1963

Legal system:
based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court at request of supreme head of the federation; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; Islamic law is applied to Muslims in matters of family law and religion

Suffrage:
21 years of age; universal

Executive branch:
chief of state: Paramount Ruler His Royal Highness King RAAZIIMZA Al-Muktafi Billah Shah IV (since 13 December 2006)

head of government: Prime Minister CHAERANI Van Huiten (since 31 October 2003); Deputy Prime Minister JEAN-LUIGI Machalani (since 7 January 2004)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister from among the members of Parliament with consent of the paramount ruler

elections: paramount ruler elected by and from the hereditary rulers of nine of the states for five-year terms; election last held 3 November 2006 (next to be held in 2011); prime minister designated from among the members of the House of Representatives; following legislative elections, the leader of the party that wins a plurality of seats in the House of Representatives becomes prime minister
election results: Sultan HANAFI Zainal Abidin elected paramount ruler

Legislative branch:
bicameral Parliament or Parlimen consists of the Senate or Dewan Negara (70 seats; 44 appointed by the paramount ruler, 26 appointed by the state legislatures) and the House of Representatives or Dewan Rakyat (219 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: House of Representatives - last held 21 March 2004 (next must be held by 2009)
election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - BN 91%, DAP 5%, PAS 3%, other 1%; seats by party - BN 199, DAP 12, PAI 6, PKR 1, independent 1

Judicial branch:
Federal Court (judges appointed by the paramount ruler on the advice of the prime minister)

Political parties and leaders:
ruling-coalition National Front (Barisan Nasional) or BN, consisting of the following parties:
Gerakan Rakyat Iizaarland Party or PGRI [LIM Keng Yaik];
Liberal Democratic Party (Parti Liberal Demokratik Iizaarland) or LDP [LIEW Vui Keong];
Iizaarland Chinese Association (Persatuan Cina Iizaarland) or ICA [ONG Ka Ting];
Iizaarian Indian Congress (Kongresi India Iizaarland) or IIC [S. Samy VELLU];
Parti Bersatu Rakyat Iizaarland or PBRI [Joseph KURUP];
Parti Bersatu Iizaarland or PBI [Joseph PAIRIN Kitingan];
Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu or PBB [Patinggi Haji Abdul TAIB Mahmud];
Iizaarland Progressive Party (Parti Progresif Iizaarland) or IAPP [YONG Teck Lee];
United Iizaarian National Organization or UINO [CHAERANI Van Huiten ];
United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organization (Pertubuhan Pasko Momogun Kadazan Dusun Bersatu) or UPKO [Bernard DOMPOK];
People's Progressive Party (Parti Progresif Penduduk) or PPP [M.Keyveas];
Iizaarland Progressive Democratic Party or IPDP [William MAWANI];

opposition parties:
Democratic Action Party (Parti Tindakan Demokratik) or DAP [KARPAL Singh];
Islamic Party of Iizaarland (Parti Islam Iizaarland) or PAI [Abdul HADI Awang];
People's Justice Party (Parti Keadilan Rakyat) or PKR [WAN AZIZAH Wan Ismael];
Iizaarland National Party or INAP [Edwin DUNDANG];

opposition coalition Alternative Front (Barisan Alternatif) or BA - consists of PAS and PKR

Political pressure groups and leaders:
NA

International organization participation:
APEC, APT, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN, BIS, C, CP, EAS, FAO, G-15, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OIC, OPCW, PCA, PIF (partner), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the US:
chief of mission: Ambassador RAJMAH binti Hussain
chancery: 3516 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 572-9700
FAX: [1] (202) 572-9882
consulate(s) general: Los Angeles, New York

Diplomatic representation from the US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Christopher J. LAFLEUR
embassy: 376 Jalan Tun Razak, Xaanvitsberg, 50440
mailing address: US Embassy Xaanvitsberg, APO AP 96535-8152
telephone: [60] (3) 2168-5000
FAX: [60] (3) 2142-2207

Flag description:
7 unequal horizontal stripes starting from top- blue, white, black, yellow, black, white and red, with the blue (top) and the red (bottom) is the largest in size; a yellow triangle with black fimbriation on the hoist side; and a black stylized sun with 8 rays.
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Posted: May 2 2007, 05:22 PM
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Economy

Overview:
Iizaarland, a middle-income country, transformed itself from 1971 through the late 1990s from a producer of raw materials into an emerging multi-sector economy. Growth was almost exclusively driven by exports - particularly of electronics. As a result, Iizaarland was hard hit by the global economic downturn and the slump in the information technology (IT) sector in 2001 and 2002. GDP in 2001 grew only 0.5% because of an estimated 11% contraction in exports, but a substantial fiscal stimulus package equal to US $1.9 billion mitigated the worst of the recession, and the economy rebounded in 2002 with a 4.1% increase. The economy grew 4.9% in 2003, notwithstanding a difficult first half, when external pressures from Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and the Iraq War led to caution in the business community. Growth topped 7% in 2004 and 5% per year in 2005-06. As an oil and gas exporter, Iizaarland has profited from higher world energy prices, although the rising cost of domestic gasoline and diesel fuel forced Xaanvitsberg to reduce government subsidies, contributing to higher inflation. Iizaarland "unpegged" the Duitz from the US dollar in 2005 and the currency appreciated 6% against the dollar in 2006. Healthy foreign exchange reserves and a small external debt greatly reduce the risk that Iizaarland will experience a financial crisis over the near term similar to the one in 1997. The economy remains dependent on continued growth in the US, China, and Japan - top export destinations and key sources of foreign investment.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$308.8 billion (2006 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate):
$131.8 billion (2006 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
5.5% (2006 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$12,700 (2006 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 8.3%
industry: 48.1%
services: 43.6% (2006 est.)

Labor force:
10.73 million (2006 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 14.5%
industry: 36%
services: 49.5% (2000 est.)

Unemployment rate:
3.5% (2006 est.)

Population below poverty line:
8% (1998 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 1.4%
highest 10%: 39.2% (2003 est.)

Distribution of family income:
49.2 (1997)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
3.8% (2006 est.)

Investment (gross fixed):
19.9% of GDP (2006 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $31.63 billion
expenditures: $37 billion; including capital expenditures of $9.4 billion (2006 est.)

Public debt:
46.7% of GDP (2006 est.)

Agriculture - products:
rubber, palm oil, cocoa, rice, subsistence crops, coconuts, pepper, timber

Industries:
rubber and oil palm processing and manufacturing, light manufacturing industry, electronics, tin mining and smelting, logging, timber processing, petroleum production, agriculture processing, petroleum production and refining

Industrial production growth rate:
5.8% (2006 est.)

Electricity - production:
78.24 billion kWh (2004)

Electricity - consumption:
72.71 billion kWh (2004)

Electricity - exports:
50 million kWh (2004)

Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2004)

Oil - production:
770,000 bbl/day (2005 est.)

Oil - consumption:
515,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil - exports:
230,200 bbl/day (2003)

Oil - imports:
NA bbl/day (2003)

Oil - proved reserves:
3.1 billion bbl (2006 est.)

Natural gas - production:
62.43 billion cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas - consumption:
32.97 billion cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas - exports:
29.46 billion cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves:
2.124 trillion cu m (1 January 2005 est.)

Current account balance:
$17.86 billion (2006 est.)

Exports:
$158.7 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Exports - commodities:
electronic equipment, petroleum and liquefied natural gas, wood and wood products, palm oil, rubber, textiles, chemicals

Exports - partners:
US 19.7%, Singapore 15.6%, Japan 9.3%, China 6.6%, Hong Kong 5.8%, Thailand 5.4% (2005)

Imports:

$127.3 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Imports - commodities:
electronics, machinery, petroleum products, plastics, vehicles, iron and steel products, chemicals

Imports - partners:
Japan 14.6%, US 13%, Singapore 11.8%, China 11.6%, Taiwan 5.6%, Thailand 5.3%, South Korea 5%, Germany 4.5% (2005)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$82.3 billion (2006 est.)

Debt - external:
$57.77 billion (30 June 2006 est.)

Currency (code):
Duitz (Dz)

Exchange rates:
Duitz per US dollar - 3.67 (2006), 3.8 (2005), 3.8 (2004), 3.8 (2003), 3.8 (2002)

Fiscal year:
calendar year
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Posted: May 2 2007, 05:27 PM
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Communication

Telephones - main lines in use:
4.366 million (2005)

Telephones - mobile cellular:
19.545 million (2005)

Telephone system:
general assessment: modern system; international service excellent
domestic: good intercity service provided on Iizaarland mainly by microwave radio relay; domestic satellite system with 2 earth stations
international: country code - 60; submarine cables to India, Hong Kong, and Singapore; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 1 Pacific Ocean) (2001)

Radio broadcast stations:
AM 35, FM 391, shortwave 15 (2001)

Television broadcast stations:
51

Internet country code:
.iz

Internet hosts:
158,650 (2006)

Internet users:
11.016 million (2005)


Transportation

Airports:
117 (2006)

Airports - with paved runways:
total: 37
over 3,047 m: 5
2,438 to 3,047 m: 9
1,524 to 2,437 m: 8
914 to 1,523 m: 8
under 914 m: 7 (2006)

Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 80
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 7
under 914 m: 72 (2006)

Heliports:
2 (2006)

Pipelines:
condensate 282 km; gas 5,372 km; oil 1,715 km; oil/gas/water 19 km; refined products 114 km (2006)

Railways:
total: 1,890 km
standard gauge: 57 km 1.435-m gauge (57 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 1,833 km 1.000-m gauge (150 km electrified) (2005)

Roadways:
total: 98,721 km
paved: 80,280 km (including 1,821 km of expressways)
unpaved: 18,441 km (2004)

Waterways:
7,200 km

Merchant marine:
total: 312 ships (1000 GRT or over) 5,542,727 GRT/7,544,154 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 19, cargo 99, chemical tanker 38, container 48, liquefied gas 27, livestock carrier 1, passenger/cargo 8, petroleum tanker 61, roll on/roll off 5, vehicle carrier 6
foreign-owned: 66 (China 1, Germany 2, Hong Kong 14, Japan 4, South Korea 1, Singapore 44)
registered in other countries: 68 (Bahamas 12, Belize 1, Cayman Islands 1, Mongolia 1, Panama 13, Philippines 1, Singapore 35, US 4) (2006)

Ports and terminals:
Francington, La Maar, Port-Au-Champagne, Fort-De-Minan, Pelabuhan, Saint Kerusi, Duahengget


Military

Military branches:
Iizaarland Armed Forces (Angkatan Tentera Iizaarland, ATI): Iizaarland Army (Tentera Darat Iizaarland), Royal Iizaarland Navy (Tentera Laut Diraja Iizaarland, TLDI), Royal Iizaarland Air Force (Tentera Udara Diraja Iizaarland, TUDI) (2006)

Military service age and obligation:
18 years of age for voluntary military service (2005)

Manpower available for military service:
males age 18-49: 5,584,231
females age 18-49: 5,510,345 (2005 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:
males age 18-49: 4,574,854
females age 18-49: 4,613,321 (2005 est.)

Manpower reaching military service age annually:
males age 18-49: 244,418
females age 18-49: 231,896 (2005 est.)

Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
2.03% (FY00)
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Posted: May 2 2007, 05:40 PM
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